You may remember the word “stratification” from the geology class. Social stratification has historically been made up of four main systems: slavery, caste, estate, and class (Larkin, 2015). The distinct vertical layers found in rock, called stratification, are a good way to visualize the social structure. In tribal systems too, there existed hierarchy. There are many ways in which social stratification can manifest itself, based on different factors and elements. Described as a form of primitive communism, generally the resources were equally divided among all the tribals. Stratification is majorly based on the wealth of an individual. Stratification Structure: Form # 4. Types of Social Stratification Social stratification is classified into four basic forms, which are slavery, estate, caste, and class. If each activity is associated with same type of economic returns and prestige, there will be no competition for different occupations. What are the Functions of Social Stratification? Slavery was due to either heredity misfortune or military conquest (Larkin, 2015). For the proper functioning of society, it has to work out some mechanism by which people engaged in different occupations get different recognition. Types of Social Stratification. It is a system of inherited inequality as the guiding principle in social relationships. This movement in either direction is primarily the result of a person’s own effort, knowledge, and skills or lack of them. Apart from the above two broad types of social stratification, there are two other types of social stratification in terms of dimension of time. The Indian caste system provides an example of a peculiar type of social stratification based on ascription. Each system has its own mobility, with slavery being the most closed and class the most open. The main types of social stratification include slavery, caste, estate, and class. Mentioned below are the most common types of social stratification being followed in the society:- Some countries, especially the western societies, have a class system, where people in society are divided into three classes: upper, middle and lower class. In this system of stratification, a person is born into a social ranking but can move up or down from it much more easily than in caste systems or slave societies. Mentioned below are the most common types of social stratification being followed in the society:-1. Social stratification refers to a society’s categorization of its people into rankings of socioeconomic tiers based on factors like wealth, income, race, education, and power. The caste system is a system of social stratification in India, which divides Hindus into four main groups. Class is defined in terms of objective criteria such as economic power, while social class is defined in terms of subjective criteria, such as class consciousness. Social Stratification David B. Grusky Department of Sociology and Center for the Study of Inequality Uris Hall Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 . They are: (i) Inter-generational mobility: When changes in status occur from one generation to another, it is called intergenerational mobility. Just as the name of each class suggests, Class: There is a vast literature on the definition of class, or social class. The Caste system. A distinction is sometimes made between the two terms. There are many ways in which social stratification can manifest itself, based on different factors and elements.
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