(Use it at night if possible! As for turmeric and skincare, we have good news: studies show that the root extract and its main biologically active component, curcumin can do multiple good things for the skin. Dr. Leslie Baumann wrote a great review of the debate and summarized the research available about retinyl palmitate here. Chemically speaking, it is the attachment of a glycerin molecule to the fatty acid called stearic acid. :) You are almost done: please check your mailbox to confirm your email! Horse Chestnut is an often-used ingredient thanks to a couple of nice magic properties. Btw, Xanthan gum is all natural, a chain of sugar molecules (polysaccharide) produced from individual sugar molecules (glucose and sucrose) via fermentation. Used alone, it can make the formula sticky and it is a good team player so it is usually combined with other thickeners and so-called rheology modifiers (helper ingredients that adjust the flow and thus the feel of the formula). The conversion is a 3 step one and looks like this: retinyl palmitate --> retinol -- > retinaldehyde --> all-trans-retinoic acid. Chemically speaking, it is a saturated (no double bonds) hydrocarbon (a molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen), meaning that it's a nice and stable oily liquid with a long shelf life. A super commonly used 5 unit long, cyclic structured silicone that is water-thin and does not stay on the skin but evaporates from it (called volatile silicone). It's also a potent antioxidant and skin-brightening agent so it often shows up in anti-aging and/or radiance-boosting products. It’s also used as a helper ingredient to thicken up products or suspend insoluble particles. The fragrant essential oil coming from the flowers of Rose Geranium. Also, it's an effective deodorant and a medium spreading emollient. As for hair care, it is a non-volatile silicone meaning that it stays on the hair rather than evaporates from it and smoothes the hair like no other thing. Madecassoside can also help in burn wound healing through increasing antioxidant activity and enhancing collagen synthesis. It’s approved by Ecocert and also used in the food industry (E415). Contains the fragrant component limonene (77-86%) and makes things smell nice. Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil, Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut) Seed Extract, Copaifera Officinalis (Balsam Copaiba) Resin, Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Peel Oil, Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Read all the geeky details about Niacinamide here >>, Read all the geeky details about Glycerin here >>, 14% added alcohol according to the USP specifications, alcohol is, at best drying, and at worst skin-damaging, You can read all about the pure form here. It's used as an emulsion stabilizer, solvent, and a broad spectrum antimicrobial. It's also a well-known vasoconstrictor (it makes the blood vessels narrower) and promotes the healing of broken skin by tightening up the skin proteins and thus creating a protective covering. A sugar ester (sucrose + palmitic acid) that works as a natural emulsifier (helps oil and water to mix). It also has a great skin-feel, improves smoothness, emolliency and even hydrates the skin. What's more, the anti-aging effectiveness is not the only questionable thing about RP. A white powdery thing that can mattify the skin and thicken up cosmetic products. It’s the most commonly used version of pure vitamin E in cosmetics. The unsaturated (with double bonds) and hence less stable version of Squalane is Squalene, you can read about it here >>. It occurs naturally in certain fish and plant oils (e.g. Key Ingredients. And there is even more regarding SAP and acne. You can read all about the pure form here. It does so by neutralizing the metal ions in the formula (that usually get into there from water) that would otherwise cause some not so nice changes. It is also an essential fatty acid meaning our body cannot synthesize it and has to take it from food. multi-vitamin blend that targets a wide variety of skin concerns such elasticity, brightness, hydration and nourishment. It also occurs naturally in our body and is used as a food additive. An error has occurred. It has many instant benefits: it's a great solvent, penetration enhancer, creates cosmetically elegant, light formulas, great astringent and antimicrobial. A super common, waxy, white, solid stuff that helps water and oil to mix together, gives body to creams and leaves the skin feeling soft and smooth. A nice ingredient to take as a supplement for stronger nails and hair. As we wrote in our lengthy retinol description the problem is that the conversion is not terribly effective. It makes the skin feel nice and smooth and works in a wide range of formulas. They observed 309 children and concluded that both ointments were similarly effective but the one with Hamamelis was even better tolerated (98.2% vs. 92.3% tolerated well the ointments in the two groups). In general, the main component of citrus peel oils is limonene (77-86% for mandarin peel), a super common fragrant ingredient that makes everything smell nice (but counts as a frequent skin sensitizer). It's a light, volatile ingredient that gives skin or hair a smooth feel and has emollient properties. The big brother of glycerin. The end result is a mostly water-loving emulsifier, also called solubilizer that can help to dissolve small amounts of oil-loving ingredients into water-based products. A white, elastomeric silicone powder that gives a nice silky and powdery feel to the products. If you wanna know more, we wrote a more detailed explanation about what's the deal with alcohol in skincare products at alcohol denat. Modern research confirms that it's loaded with skin-goodies: it's the richest green plant source of omega-3 fatty acids (α-linolenic acid), contains NMFs (polysaccharides and amino acids), vitamins (β-carotene), minerals, and antioxidants (yellow betaxanthins and reddish betacyanins). You can usually find it right in the very first spot of the ingredient list, meaning it’s the biggest thing out of all the stuff that makes up the product. Super common little helper ingredient that helps products to remain nice and stable for a longer time. Pure vitamin C (aka ascorbic acid, AA) is great and all, but its lack of stability is a big challenge for the cosmetics industry. It's a common top note in perfumes and contains (among others) fragrant compounds limonene (37%), linalyl acetate (30%) and linalool (8.8%).