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problem tree and objective tree example

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Your tree trunk becomes your project objective, and the roots and branches are redefined to focus on solutions. The outcome represents the collective thinking of the participants. These analytic steps may however illuminate additional options with respect to how to solve problems, and help to specify the Outputs projects will need to produce if they are to achieve IRs and Sub-IRs identified in the CDCS. Reducing the time and cost of moving goods is a result that a Mission with a trade focus might identify as a Sub-IR either in its CDCS or later when the project design process commences. With the CDCS Results Framework in mind, a Project Design Team is expected to review the development challenge addressed by the IR a project will address to ensure specific and accurate problem identification. 1 - List all the problems that come to mind. For more information, please contact Paul Fekete. It is anticipated that in most countries a problem analysis during project design and the development of an Objective Tree based on that analysis will reconfirm that the Mission's CDCS DOs and focal IR remain valid. These positive achievements are in fact objectives, and are presented in an … The output is a graphical arrangement of problems differentiated according to ‘causes’ and ‘effects,’ joined by a core, or focal, problem. The problem tree is closely linked to the objectives tree, another key tool in the project planners repertoire, and well used by agencies. All Rights Reserved. When conducting a problem analysis, consider using models of processes in the sector of interest to ensure that a wide range of factors are considered. U.S. Agency for International Development, Problem and solution trees: a practical approach for identifying potential interventions to improve population nutrition, Gender Dimensions of Trade Facilitation and Logistics. The problem is an existing negative situation, it is not the absence of a solution. Developing an Objective Tree involves the transformation of problem statements into a vision of how things would be if that problem were reduced or eliminated, and what it would take to achieve that vision. The Objective Tree shown above includes a CDCS Goal, DO and IR that are similar to the kinds of results included in approved USAID CDCSs that incorporate a trade focus. Start work: You need to turn your Problem Tree into an Objective Tree. Problem: Families lack reasonable access to clean and safe water. For example, ‘lack of sufficient water’ becomes ‘improve water supply.’ These objectives than provide a basis for project and program definition. For instance, in the shown example of river pollution, “river water quality is deteriorating” is converted into “quality of river water is improved”. The ‘problem tree’ is often followed by an ‘objectives tree.’ The problems are converted through simple rewording into specific objectives, and the chart then shows a ‘means-ends’ relationship. Office of Trade and Regulatory Reform This process is designed to help the project manager think about the key aspects of the CREDD utilized the problem tree as an approach to research design and data collection. There are various tools Missions can use to conduct problem identification (e.g., fishbone analysis, problem tree, force field, and SWOT (Strengths-Weakness-Opportunity-Threat) analysis). Problem and solution trees: a practical approach for identifying potential interventions to improve population nutrition  Gender Dimensions of Trade Facilitation and Logistics Particularly the problem diagnostic questions, pp. Bureau of Economic Growth, Education, and Environment Examples of problem trees. It’s okay to add new objectives that come to mind. USAID Results Frameworks incorporate this tool. For example, we utilized the popular education technique called the problem tree (see also Ferreira and Ferreira, 1997; Tuck, 2008 and Tuck et al 2008) to map the relationships between the everyday occurrences and root causes of a dysfunctional school system. Problem Tree Analysis – Procedure and Example . This technique helps understand the context and interrelationship of problems, and the potential impacts when targeting projects and programs toward specific issues. When the problem has been fully analyzed, the Design Team may find it useful to construct an Objective Tree that reframes the central problem and its causes as changes or results to be achieved. At the next level down in an Objective Tree, major outputs needed to bring down the time and cost of moving goods would be added by the project design team after considering alternative ways of proceeding. An Objective Tree is a graphic tool for displaying a hierarchy of results. • This phase requires therefore 2 steps: Make a general inquiry or suggest an improvement. The identification of t… Figure 6. MONITORING, EVALUATION AND LEARNING, A toolkit developed and implemented by: As you work through the roots and branches of your Problem Tree, overlaying each of them with solutions, you develop the framework that you need to assess how and where your organization can best respond. The more specific you can be, the more useful your tree will be. When the problem has been fully analyzed, the Design Team may find it useful to construct an Objective Tree that reframes the central problem and its causes as changes or results to be achieved. The next step in the design team's Process would be to use the information this Objective Tree to begin constructing a Logical Framework for the project. Structure of problem tree analysis. Source: EUROPEAN COMMISSION (2004) The negative situations of the problem tree are converted into solutions, expressed as “positive achievements”. Think of ANOTHER tree with roots and branches! Like the Problem Tree, the Objective Tree is a great tool to help you consider different perspectives, and to define the different routes that you could take to solve your problem. 4 - Arrange in hierarchy both Causes and Effects, i.e., how do the causes relate to each other - which leads to the other, etc. Find out about career opportunities at USAID. Because the ‘problem tree’ is never static and seldom - if ever - the same for different groups and at different times, it is more a device to broaden thinking than as a definitive project determinant. Problem trees help us understand the causes of key problems a CDCS identified as well as the downstream effects of a problem. To transform your problem tree into an objective tree, simply rephrase each element into a positive solution statement. Inputs, which are processes rather than results, will not normally be displayed on an Objective Tree, which like a Results Framework, is a tool for displaying results at various levels in a results hierarchy. 2 - Identify a core problem (this may involve considerable trial and error before settling on one).

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